Here is the full list of all 38 Factorio achievements. It takes around 200 hours to unlock all of the achievements on Windows.
Deconstruct 100 objects with the construction robots.
Construct 100 machines using robots.
Produce 1.0k Advanced circuits per hour.
Produce 10k Advanced circuits per hour.
Produce 25k Advanced circuits per hour.
Produce 500 Processing units per hour.
Produce 1.0k Processing units per hour.
Produce 5k Processing units per hour.
Supply the player by logistic robot.
Supply the player with 10k items delivered by the logistic robots.
Research Oil processing
Build Diesel locomotive
Build Diesel locomotive within first 1 hour and 30 minutes of the game.
Take 500 damage in one hit and survive.
Produce 20k Iron plates per hour.
Produce 200k Iron plates per hour
Produce 400k Iron plates per hour.
Trigger an alien attack by pollution.
Win the game by crafting no more than 111 items manually.
Win the game without building Active provider chest and requester chest.
Produce 10k Electronic circuits
Produce 1M electronic circuits
Produce 100M Electronic circuits
Get 100 combat robots following you
Finish the game
Finish the game in 15 hours
Finish the game in 8 hours
Destroy 10k trees with fire
Win the game without building Laser turret.
Destroy 100 trees by impact.
Produce more than 10 MJ energy per hour without the usage of Steam engine.
Win the game without using a solar panel.
Destroy 10 spawners by impact.
Research all technologies
Have a train plan a path 1000 tiles or longer.
Get killed by moving Locomotive
Construct more machines using robots than manually.